About the Turkish health sector


Health tourism, also known as medical tourism or medical travel, refers to the practice of traveling to another country to seek medical or dental treatments. It involves individuals seeking healthcare services, including medical procedures, surgeries, or dental treatments, outside their home country for various reasons.

Here are some key aspects of health tourism:

  • Reasons for Health Tourism: People may engage in health tourism for several reasons, including cost savings, access to specialized or advanced treatments, shorter wait times, availability of specific procedures or technologies, or the desire for a combined healthcare and travel experience.
  • Types of Treatments: Health tourism covers a broad range of medical and dental treatments. Common procedures sought include cosmetic surgeries, dental procedures (e.g., dental implants, veneers), fertility treatments, orthopedic surgeries, cardiac surgeries, organ transplants, and more. It can encompass both elective procedures and necessary medical interventions.
  • Destination Selection: Choosing the right destination is crucial in health tourism. Individuals typically research and select countries or healthcare facilities known for their quality of care, expertise in the desired procedure, affordable pricing, favorable exchange rates, and reliable healthcare infrastructure. Popular destinations for health tourism include countries like India, Thailand, Mexico, Turkey, Hungary, and Costa Rica.
  • Planning and Coordination: Health tourism requires careful planning and coordination. Patients need to research and select suitable healthcare providers, communicate with them regarding treatment options and costs, arrange travel logistics (flights, accommodations, local transportation), and ensure necessary documentation (such as medical records, visas) are in order.
  • Quality and Accreditation: Ensuring the quality and safety of healthcare services is vital in health tourism. It is recommended to choose healthcare providers that are internationally accredited, have a good reputation, and adhere to recognized quality standards. Researching patient reviews, checking the credentials of healthcare professionals, and seeking recommendations can help make informed decisions.
  • Post-Treatment Care: After receiving medical or dental treatment abroad, individuals may need to plan for post-treatment care and follow-up. This may involve coordinating with local healthcare providers in their home country for continued monitoring, medication management, or necessary follow-up procedures.
  • Legal and Ethical Considerations: Health tourism involves navigating legal and ethical considerations. Patients should be aware of potential risks, liability, insurance coverage, and dispute resolution mechanisms when seeking treatment abroad. Understanding the legal framework and regulations of the destination country is crucial to ensure a smooth and safe experience.


It is essential to consult with healthcare professionals, both in your home country and the destination country, to make informed decisions about health tourism. They can provide guidance, assess your suitability for travel and treatment, and offer recommendations based on your specific medical or dental needs.

Note: Due to the evolving nature of healthcare systems and regulations, it’s advisable to conduct thorough research and seek up-to-date information regarding health tourism practices and guidelines. 

Why do people prefer health tourism?

People prefer health tourism for several reasons, which can vary depending on individual circumstances and needs. Here are some common reasons why people choose health tourism:


  • Cost Savings: One of the primary motivations for health tourism is cost savings. Medical and dental treatments can be significantly more affordable in certain countries compared to the patient’s home country. This cost advantage allows individuals to access high-quality healthcare services at a lower price, particularly for procedures not covered by insurance or that are prohibitively expensive in their home country.
  • Access to Specialized or Advanced Treatments: Health tourism provides an opportunity for individuals to access specialized or advanced treatments that may not be readily available or accessible in their home country. Some countries have advanced medical technologies, cutting-edge facilities, or specialized expertise in specific procedures. By traveling abroad, patients can benefit from these resources and receive treatments that may not be available locally.
  • Reduced Waiting Times: In some countries, long waiting times for medical procedures can be a significant challenge. Health tourism offers a way to bypass these wait times and receive timely treatment. By seeking care in a destination where there is less demand or better availability of medical services, individuals can receive faster access to the required procedures.
  • Quality of Care: Many healthcare providers in popular health tourism destinations have a reputation for delivering high-quality care. These providers often adhere to internationally recognized standards and protocols. Patients may choose health tourism to access medical facilities and healthcare professionals known for their expertise, experience, and favorable patient outcomes.
  • Privacy and Confidentiality: Some individuals prefer to seek medical or dental treatments outside their local area or country to maintain their privacy and confidentiality. Health tourism allows patients to receive care discreetly, away from their regular social and professional circles, reducing the chance of being recognized or having their health conditions known to others.
  • Combined Healthcare and Travel Experience: Health tourism offers a unique opportunity to combine healthcare with travel. Patients can explore new destinations, experience different cultures, and enjoy tourism activities before or after their medical or dental treatments. This aspect of health tourism allows individuals to have a positive and enriching experience while addressing their healthcare needs.
  • Language and Communication: Language barriers can be a concern for some patients seeking medical care in their home country. Health tourism destinations often have healthcare providers and staff who are proficient in multiple languages, making communication easier and more comfortable for international patients.

It’s important to note that health tourism also presents challenges and considerations, such as potential language barriers, cultural differences, logistical planning, and post-treatment follow-up. Therefore, individuals should carefully research and consider the potential risks and benefits before deciding on health tourism as an option for their healthcare needs. Consulting with healthcare professionals and seeking recommendations from trusted sources can help in making an informed decision.


Which operations can be done by health tourism

Health tourism offers a wide range of medical and surgical procedures that can be performed in various countries. The specific operations available for health tourism can vary depending on the destination and the healthcare facilities available. Here are some common operations that can be done through health tourism:


  • Cosmetic Surgeries: Procedures such as breast augmentation, facelift, rhinoplasty (nose job), liposuction, tummy tuck, and eyelid surgery are popular choices for health tourism. Many individuals travel abroad to access high-quality cosmetic surgeries at more affordable prices.
  • Dental Treatments: Dental tourism is a common form of health tourism, with individuals seeking treatments such as dental implants, dental veneers, dental crowns, teeth whitening, and orthodontic procedures (braces or aligners) in different countries. Dental treatments can often be less expensive in certain destinations, making them attractive options for health tourists.
  • Orthopedic Surgeries: Health tourism provides options for orthopedic surgeries, including joint replacements (such as hip or knee replacements), spinal surgeries, arthroscopy, and sports injury treatments. These procedures are often sought by patients looking for expertise, advanced technologies, and shorter wait times.
  • Cardiac Surgeries: Complex cardiac procedures like coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG), angioplasty, heart valve replacements, and cardiac catheterization are sought by patients considering health tourism. Access to renowned cardiac surgeons and well-equipped cardiac centers is a significant factor in choosing these procedures abroad.
  • Fertility Treatments: In vitro fertilization (IVF), egg donation, surrogacy, and other fertility treatments are common choices for health tourism. Individuals seeking fertility treatments often explore options in countries where these procedures are more affordable or where specific legal regulations are favorable.
  • Bariatric Surgeries: Bariatric surgeries, such as gastric bypass or gastric sleeve procedures, are often sought by individuals looking for weight loss solutions. Health tourism offers opportunities to undergo these surgeries in countries known for their expertise in bariatric procedures.
  • Eye Surgeries: Eye surgeries, including LASIK, cataract surgery, corneal transplantation, and refractive surgeries, are frequently sought by health tourists. Accessing specialized eye clinics or surgeons with advanced techniques is a driving factor for traveling abroad for these procedures.
  • Organ Transplants: Organ transplant surgeries, such as kidney, liver, or heart transplants, are sometimes sought through health tourism. Availability of organs, shorter wait times, and access to experienced transplant teams are factors that influence patients to explore options abroad.
  • Cancer Treatments: Health tourism can provide access to advanced cancer treatments, including chemotherapy, radiation therapy, surgical oncology, and targeted therapy. Patients seek specialized cancer centers known for their expertise, cutting-edge technology, and personalized treatment approaches.


It’s important to note that the availability of specific procedures through health tourism can change over time and may vary by country. Patients considering health tourism should thoroughly research the destination, healthcare facilities, and healthcare professionals to ensure the quality, safety, and legality of the procedures they are seeking. Consultation with healthcare professionals both in their home country and in the destination country is crucial for informed decision-making.

Health Tourism in Turkey

Turkey is a popular destination for health tourism, attracting a significant number of international patients seeking medical and dental treatments. The country has invested in developing its healthcare infrastructure and facilities, making it an appealing choice for individuals looking for quality healthcare services at competitive prices. Here are some key aspects of health tourism in Turkey:

  • Quality Healthcare Facilities: Turkey has modern healthcare facilities, equipped with advanced technologies and staffed by highly qualified medical professionals. Many hospitals and clinics in major cities, such as Istanbul, Ankara, and Izmir, are internationally accredited and follow rigorous quality standards.
  • Range of Medical and Dental Procedures: Turkey offers a wide range of medical and dental procedures, including cosmetic surgeries, hair transplants, dental treatments, orthopedic surgeries, cardiac procedures, organ transplants, fertility treatments, and more. The country is particularly renowned for its expertise in hair transplantation and cosmetic procedures.
  • Cost Savings: One of the primary reasons individuals choose health tourism in Turkey is the cost savings compared to their home countries. The healthcare services in Turkey are generally more affordable, allowing patients to access high-quality treatments at a fraction of the cost.
  • Highly Skilled Medical Professionals: Turkey has a large pool of skilled and experienced medical professionals, including doctors, surgeons, and dentists. Many healthcare providers in Turkey have received training and education both domestically and internationally, ensuring a high standard of care.
  • Multilingual Staff and Communication: Turkish healthcare facilities often have multilingual staff who can communicate effectively with international patients. This helps overcome language barriers and ensures clear communication regarding medical procedures, treatment plans, and post-operative care.
  • Tourism and Cultural Attractions: Turkey’s health tourism industry leverages the country’s rich history, culture, and tourism opportunities. Patients often combine their medical treatments with a chance to explore popular tourist destinations, such as Istanbul’s historical sites, Cappadocia’s unique landscapes, or the coastal resorts of Antalya and Bodrum.
  • Easy Accessibility: Turkey is easily accessible from various parts of the world due to its strategic location between Europe and Asia. Major cities have well-connected international airports, facilitating travel for health tourists.
  • Regulatory Standards and Accreditation: The Turkish Ministry of Health regulates healthcare facilities and monitors their compliance with quality and safety standards. Additionally, many Turkish hospitals and clinics have received international accreditations, such as Joint Commission International (JCI) accreditation, further assuring patients of the quality of care.


It is important for individuals considering health tourism in Turkey to conduct thorough research, including choosing a reputable healthcare provider, reviewing patient testimonials, and consulting with their local healthcare professionals for advice. It is also essential to familiarize oneself with the legal, logistical, and insurance aspects related to health tourism in Turkey to ensure a safe and satisfactory experience.

The Turkish health sector has a special interest from the Turkish government and is technologically and professionally developed. Its doctors are highly experienced and skilled, making Turkey the world’s third-largest health hub. Health care in Turkey is integrated into the expertise of doctors, the availability of health centers and hospitals with a high level of health and accuracy in diagnosis.

Each year nearly 150,000 people come for treatment in the new destination of health in Europe, Turkey. Experts emphasize that the tendency of foreign tourists to receive treatment in Turkey is due to the high level of health care in Turkey and provides the high quality health and efficiency of Turkish doctors, in addition to the moderate prices of treatment compared with similar in the West. 

Due to Turkey’s status as a tourist and historical city that forms the bridge between the East and the West, tourists traveling for the purpose of treating them are a pinch of tourism and wandering.

Turkey is committed to all international health agreements. All hospitals in Turkey are equipped with the latest technological equipment. Turkish hospitals have proven their progress in oncology, orthopedics, neurosurgery, pediatric surgery, plastic surgery, hair transplantation, ophthalmology and dentistry.

In addition, many hospitals in Turkey are specialized in robotic surgery CyberKnife, bone marrow transplantation and organ transplantation. The Department of Medical Tourism at the Ministry of Health provides 24-hour communication throughout the week, and translation services are available to customers.

All doctors in Turkey have health insurance in the event of any error by the doctor. The insurance covers all the necessary compensation for the patient. This is a clear indication of the commitment of the Turkish hospitals to international laws and knowledge. It should be noted that the Ministry of Health in Turkey to inspect the hospitals twice every year in accordance with a strict system to check the level of medical equipment and technology used and compliance with the standards required.

The Ministry of Health of Turkey is keen to push the health sector forward always, which led to the flourishing of medical tourism. According to a study conducted by the Ministry of Health in cooperation with the Gazi University in Istanbul, medical tourism has increased significantly since 2008, and the cities of Istanbul and Gaziantep have advanced and lead the way in this field. 


Why Turkey is a health tourism leader in the world?

Turkey has emerged as a leader in health tourism due to several factors that have contributed to its popularity among international patients. Here are some key reasons why Turkey is considered a leading destination for health tourism:


  • Advanced Healthcare Infrastructure: Turkey has made significant investments in developing modern healthcare infrastructure, including state-of-the-art hospitals, clinics, and medical facilities. Many of these facilities are equipped with advanced medical technologies and adhere to international quality standards, offering a high level of medical care.
  • Skilled Medical Professionals: Turkey boasts a large pool of highly skilled and qualified medical professionals, including doctors, surgeons, dentists, and specialists. Many healthcare professionals in Turkey have received education and training both domestically and internationally, bringing a diverse range of expertise and experience to the table.
  • Competitive Pricing: One of the major advantages of health tourism in Turkey is its affordability. Medical and dental treatments in Turkey are generally more cost-effective compared to many Western countries, allowing patients to access high-quality healthcare services at a fraction of the cost. This cost advantage makes Turkey an attractive option for patients seeking cost savings without compromising on the quality of care.
  • Wide Range of Medical and Dental Procedures: Turkey offers a comprehensive range of medical and dental procedures, covering various specialties. The country is particularly renowned for its expertise in cosmetic surgeries, hair transplants, and dental treatments. The availability of a diverse range of procedures ensures that patients can find the specialized treatment they require.
  • High-Quality Care: Turkish healthcare facilities and professionals strive to deliver high-quality care to patients. Many hospitals and clinics in Turkey have received international accreditations, such as Joint Commission International (JCI) accreditation, which demonstrates adherence to rigorous quality and safety standards. This commitment to quality contributes to the trust and confidence patients have in the healthcare services provided in Turkey.
  • Geographical Location and Accessibility: Turkey’s strategic geographical location, bridging Europe and Asia, makes it easily accessible to patients from various parts of the world. Major cities in Turkey have well-connected international airports, facilitating travel for health tourists.
  • Cultural and Touristic Attractions: Turkey’s rich cultural heritage, historical sites, natural beauty, and hospitality add to the appeal of health tourism. Patients often have the opportunity to explore popular tourist destinations, enjoy unique experiences, and combine their medical treatments with a memorable travel experience.
  • Government Support and Promotion: The Turkish government has actively supported and promoted health tourism as part of its broader healthcare strategy. This includes initiatives to streamline visa procedures, establish medical tourism clusters, and encourage collaboration between healthcare providers and tourism agencies. These efforts have further boosted Turkey’s reputation as a preferred destination for health tourism.

It’s important to note that while Turkey has gained prominence in health tourism, individuals considering health tourism in Turkey should conduct thorough research, choose reputable healthcare providers, and consult with their local healthcare professionals before making any decisions. Understanding the legal, logistical, and insurance aspects of health tourism in Turkey is essential for a safe and successful experience.

Leave A Reply