The recession of the gum is when the gum tissue margin surrounding the teeth wears away or pulls back, which leads to exposing more of the tooth or the root of the tooth. There can be gaps between the gum and tooth when gums recede, allowing disease-causing bacteria to build up. The adjacent tissue and bone structures of the teeth may be damaged if left untreated, sometimes leading to tooth loss. Therefore, it can be said that receding gums is a widespread dental condition. Since it happens gradually, most individuals are not aware that they have receding gums.
You may notice the following symptoms like receding gums progress over time:
The visible lengthening of the teeth is among the one symptom. If the gums recede due to periodontal disease, the teeth seem to be much longer than usual.
Another symptom is exposed roots, and they can be extremely sensitive and uncomfortable. They are often signs of periodontal disease or can be attributed to a toothbrush with hard bristles brushing overly aggressively.
You may notice loose teeth, attributed to bacteria and periodontal disease under the gums around the teeth when suffering from receding gums. Because of the loss of attachment structure, as receding gums worsen, the gum pockets deepen.
Many variables may cause your gums to recede, including:
These are gum infections caused by gum tissue destruction bacteria and the bone that holds your teeth in place. The leading cause of the gum recession is periodontal disease. It is not often that the early stage of periodontal disease is painful. Symptoms, therefore, often go unnoticed. However, left untreated, early symptoms can develop into periodontitis.
Early phases of gum disease can be seen with minor symptoms that include:
- Red, swollen, or purple gums
- Gums that feel tender to the touch
- Bleeding gums
- Chronic bad breath
Some individuals have a greater susceptibility to periodontal disease. Even if they take good care of their teeth, studies show that 30 percent of the population may be predisposed to gum disease.
It can cause your tooth’s enamel to wear away and your gums to recede if you brush your teeth too aggressively or incorrectly.
Inadequate brushing can make it easy for plaque to turn into tartar. A professional tooth cleaning can only remove a hard substance that forms on and between your teeth and.
Over the life of women, changes in estrogen levels, such as puberty, pregnancy, and menopause, can make gums increasingly sensitive and susceptible to gum recession.
Smokers, and other users of tobacco, are more likely to develop sticky plaque, causing a recession in gums.
Too much force on the teeth can be exerted by clenching or grinding your teeth, causing the gums to recede.
When teeth do not come together evenly, too much force can be exerted on the gums and surrounding bone, allowing gums to recede.
There is no need for treatment for most cases of mild gum recession. Dentists may advise and offer to monitor the gums for prevention. An effective early intervention is to teach efficient but gentle brushing.
These products are aimed at reducing the sensitivity of the root of the exposed tooth. By easing the brushing of sensitive teeth, desensitizing agents treat nerve symptoms and help preserve oral hygiene.
To cover the surface of the root, a dentist utilizes tooth-colored composite resins, they can also close the black gaps between teeth.
The same pink color as the gums is this material and can be applied to fill the gaps where the gums have receded.
These are usually acrylic or silicone. Because of a recession, they artificially replace the large area of missing gum tissue.
These include treatments that, over a long period, slowly move the position of the teeth. This repositioning can correct the margin of the gum and keep the teeth clean easily.
A dental surgeon grafts tissue into the mouth from another location and the tissue heals through the recession of the gum. This would normally only be needed by a person to treat severely receding gums.
For receding gums, age is a crucial risk factor. About 88 percent of individuals older than 65 years have at least one tooth with a receding gum.
An increased risk of receding gums is also faced by individuals who smoke and use tobacco products.
Another factor is genetics, as individuals who have thin or weak gums can pass on these characteristics via their genes.
The risk of receding gums can also be increased by diabetes.
Some of the causes of the gum recession can be avoided.
Brushing the teeth too harshly or using a hard-bristled toothbrush is the most visible, preventable cause. Instead, individuals should use a toothbrush with soft bristles and avoid brushing over, applying gentle strokes.