If the tissues in the breast differ from other parts of the breast, this condition is called “breast mass”. This mass shows symptoms such as swelling, stiffness, or hardness. The reason for their occurrence is different, but often a mass in the breast is not dangerous. Mostly, these lumps do not contain cancer in it but it is fluid-filled.
What are the causes of breast lumps?
As we mentioned above, there is more than one reason for lump formation in the breast. Although some point to a serious condition such as cancer, the changes experienced by the body before menstruation may also be due to these reasons. For example, if the cyst formation in the chest is caused by the menstrual period, this condition is called fibrocystic disease.
The mass formation can be observed in the breasts of men, as in women. It is only more common in women. If you have any of the symptoms, it is essential that you consult your doctor or a clinic.
Why does a cyst occur in the breast?
The milk glands and connective tissue are the basic tissues in the breast. It looks like milk ducts wrapped in connective tissue. If the connective tissue increases and becomes denser, the capillary milk ducts become blocked and this causes cyst formation.
How is the mass visible in the breast?
Performing breast examinations at regular intervals are the best decision to prevent possible risks. Your doctor will tell you what to look for when examining your breast yourself at home. Apart from this, doctor’s examination, mammography, and ultrasonography are other methods to investigate breast masses.
Will the cyst in the breast be palpable?
If a hazelnut-sized hardness is felt during self-examination at home, the patient should see a doctor. Cysts and fibroadenomas can be palpable and cause pain.
Does the mass in the breast move?
Yes, the mass in the breast can move. During the self-examination, the patient may notice its movement. If the mass is hard as a stone and does not move, see a doctor immediately.
If you have breast cancer suspicion…
If there is a suspicion of cancer in the mass in the breast, your doctor will perform examinations such as mammography or USG after a detailed physical examination. Then a piece of mass tissue is taken and transmitted to pathology. With the biopsy research, it will be revealed whether there is cancer in the breast.
What are the symptoms of breast cancer?
- Stiffness in the armpit and breast,
- Swelling in the armpits (may vary without pain and pain),
- Change in nipple color,
- Blood or discharge from the nipple,
- Changes in breast size are seen as the main signs of cancer and if any symptoms are present, a doctor should be visited immediately.
What is breast cancer?
Cancer cells formed in the milk ducts in the breast tissue are called breast cancer. About 80% is invasive ductal carcinoma, which means that cancer occurs in the milk ducts. Another type is called invasive lobular carcinoma, indicating that cancer develops in the mammary glands. Breast cancer, which develops much less frequently in men, is the most common type of cancer in women. According to research, twenty out of every hundred thousand women struggle with breast cancer. Its development is quite slow, so it can be difficult to spot.
Is a breast lesion is cancer?
Most masses that develop in the breast are benign, so the lesion is not breast cancer.
Which doctor should you go to for a mass in the breast?
It is very natural for patients who observe a mass formation to seeking a doctor. The clinic you will consult is the general surgery clinic. In other words, general surgery doctors take care of the masses in the breast.
Is breast pain a symptom of cancer?
Although the right person who can answer this question is your doctor who performed your examination, only 1% or 2% of patients suffering from breast pain have cancer. Pain in the breast has a very low rate as a symptom of cancer, but if it becomes recurrent, the patients should consult their doctor.
What is a benign breast mass?
The formation of benign tumors in the breast is called a fibroadenoma. According to researches, benign tumor development is approximately 10%, especially in young women between the ages of 15 and 30. In addition, the pregnancy of young women or the menopause they experience later in life can cause benign masses to grow and getting smaller. The character of the mass becomes clear with breast ultrasound.
Will the benign mass in the breast turn into cancer?
As we mentioned in the previous titles of our article, a large proportion of the masses in the breast do not carry the risk of cancer. However, even if the mass in the patient is determined to be benign as a result of ultrasound, it should be checked regularly to see if it changes.
Is every lump in the breast carries cancer?
The answer to this question is no. Even according to experts, more than 90% of breast swelling that occur for various reasons is not a symptom of breast cancer. Cysts can grow in the breast or there may be a benign mass.
What are the risk factors for breast cancer?
- Second-degree relatives who have had breast cancer in the family,
- The first-degree relative had breast cancer before the age of 50,
- Density in breast tissue,
- Intensive radiotherapy,
- Lymphoma disease,
- Being a woman,
- The use of birth control pills is a primary risk factor for breast cancer.
For mammography and doctor examination…
If you have one or more of the risk factors, you should go to a doctor’s checkup regularly to take early precautions and prevent cancer risk. Experts recommend that a woman in her 30s should have a mammogram and keep it for reference. Having an annual ultrasound and annual doctor’s examination is very important for your health.