In representing your persona and highlighting your charm, the importance that the teeth have is colossal. The first rule to have healthy and beautiful looking teeth is, of course, oral hygiene. Although everyone knows what should be done, we still see people around us with discoloration or stain problems on their teeth. Tooth discoloration is when the teeth change color. For several factors, teeth stain, including the preferences for food and drink, oral care, and use of medicine. Teeth stains arise on the tooth surface or below the tooth enamel.
Why Do Teeth Get Stained?
As with any medical problem, it is vital to find out the cause of the stains before the treatment. Causes for discoloration of the tooth may be extrinsic, intrinsic, and age-related. Yet, mostly the following are among the reasons:
- Smoking and alcoholic beverages,
- Acidic foods and drinks,
- Lack of dental care ,
- Genetic tendency to dental problems,
- Erosion of tooth enamel due to using the wrong toothbrush and toothpaste,
- Cracks on the outer part of the teeth due to various accidents,
- Consuming foods with a high coloring ratio (cherry, blueberry, etc.)
- Drinking too much coffee and tea causes teeth stain and discoloration.
- Traumas and other diseases.
Types of Tooth Discoloration
Tooth discoloration may occur due to surface stains, response to specific changes in the material of your tooth, or due to a composite of both factors. Three main types of tooth discoloration have been defined by dental professionals:
- Extrinsic Teeth Stains: The surface of the tooth is contaminated by an extrinsic tooth stain. It happens when stain particles build up in the protein layer that covers the tooth enamel, such as textured residue from food or drink. Usually, extrinsic tooth stains are caused via the use of cigarettes or by consuming coffee and tea, wine, or cola drinks frequently. If poor oral hygiene routine combines with bacteria, extrinsic discoloration is inevitable. This kind of tooth stain relates well with whitening toothpaste to daily dental cleaning and brushing the teeth.
- Intrinsic Teeth Stains: Below the surface of the tooth, an intrinsic tooth stain is colored. This happens as stain-causing contaminants work through the outside of the tooth and accumulate within the enamel of the tooth. Excessive fluoride use has also been related to intrinsic fluoride use. It is harder to remove an intrinsic tooth stain, but it can be achieved. An intrinsic tooth stain can require skilled bleaching.
- Age-Related Discoloration: The outcomes of both intrinsic and extrinsic tooth discoloration are combined with age-related teeth stains. Since your teeth’s core tissue, the dentin, yellows naturally over time, teeth decolor with age.
So, Do You Have White Teeth?
Tooth whiteness is a very subjective issue, in fact, it has been stated in some studies in the past years that even dental specialists do not fit a common ground in this issue. In this situation, it is quite hard to evaluate items for teeth whitening. Dentists have developed three methods to analyze the effectiveness of these products. These methods involve indicating numerical values to the three criteria to be mentioned, and these three criteria are a decrease in yellowness, a decrease in redness, and an increase in lightness.
What Are The Current Treatment Choices for Whitening Teeth?
Treatment methods differ, and with any whitening process, not everyone is a suitable candidate. Never forget that you should not use teeth whitening products, which are quite accessible in the market, without any consultation with your dentist. You can easily have your teeth cleaned at home or in professional dental clinics. Your dentist may recommend one or more of the following choices, depending on the underlying cause of the decoloration.
- At-home Whitening: Our daily routines may be guilty parties in the staining of teeth. We must avoid foods and drinks that can cause stains. Countertop whiteners available in adhesive strips or tooth-shaped trays can be easily applied at home. And most importantly, make your oral hygiene routine regular and comprehensive, and never forget to use dental floss.
- Professional Whitening: A hydrogen peroxide solution will be applied by your dentist. To intensify the bleaching process, some items can need heat with a special light. For better whitener adhesion, other professionally available products will have a higher whitener concentration, often with desensitizer, and some type of custom tray. In the hands of a professional dentist, the procedure is secure. Dental bonding and veneers are also among the options for treatment.
Do NOT Try:
- Using fruits (especially lemons) while you are home-whitening because fruits contain lots of acidic contaminers.
- Activated carbon or a baking soda-hydrogen peroxide paste is unproven. Baking soda is an abrasive material that is essential for healthy white teeth and that can remove the enamel. This can increase the yellowing of your teeth and make them more susceptible to staining and lesions.
- Do not forget there is no oil or spices for whitening your teeth.
What Are The Side Effects of Teeth Whitening?
All whitening gels certainly trigger teeth. This sensitivity to hot-cold beverages and air can cause people to feel discomfort. This is a common side effect of the application and is anticipated. It may be appropriate to discontinue the use of bleaching if the sensitivity does not disappear within 24-48 hours. In the event of irritation, this tooth sensitivity can be decreased by the fluoride administered by your dentist and the toothpaste or creams prescribed for you.